Session – In Situ Analysis

The ability to “see” into a dynamic process, whether it be a mineral formation or minerals processing reaction, is hampered when a specimen is removed from its environment for analysis. When a specimen is cooled, removed from highly reducing conditions or removed from high pressure, for example, its characteristics will change and this affects a post-mortem or ex situ analysis. The utility of X-ray and neutron methods, in particular, to be applied in situ and where process conditions are simulated in the laboratory or at a synchrotron or neutron beamline, has enabled deep insights into mineral formation mechanisms and kinetics in a wide range of applications. This session would highlight many of these as well as discuss the start-of-the-art in the field, future directions and opportunities.


Session convenor

Dr Nathan Webster (Australia)

CSIRO Mineral Resources


About the session convenor

Dr Nathan Webster joined CSIRO Mineral Resources in 2008, after obtaining a PhD in solid-state chemistry from the University of Western Australia. He now leads the Diffraction Laboratory within CSIRO Mineral Resources in Clayton, VIC, a laboratory which specialises in in-situ diffraction analyses of metallurgical systems and materials-forming reactions. In particular, Nathan has built up a significant body of work in the field of iron ore sintering research. Nathan is the current President of the Australian X-ray Analytical Association (AXAA), and is CSIRO’s Councillor on the Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE) Council.