Session – Geosciences, Archaeology and Cultural Heritage

Geoarchaeology has evolved into a multidisciplinary scientific discipline which uses elaborate analytical techniques in solving archaeological problems. Among them, the mineralogical methods and approaches play a pivotal role because they shed light on the technology and provenance of various types of archaeological artefacts. In addition, the interaction of mineralogical with chemical, microbiological, biochemical and physical methods and approaches contributes to answering key archaeological questions and helps in understanding the social, economic and cultural relationships and changes in prehistoric and historic periods.

The session aims at presenting research based on novel and traditional mineralogical methods and approaches, to characterize and determine the provenance of ancient ceramic artefacts, pigments, glass, alloys, slags, building materials, mortars, minerals used for medical purposes (healing minerals) etc. The physical-chemical-mineralogical characterization and the behaviour of these materials in time, at different scales and under defined environmental conditions, provide the basis for diagnostic, technical art history, archaeological interpretation, and conservation. The developments in dating of the artifacts as well as in the understanding of the human – environment interactions will complete this session.

Scientists from different backgrounds are invited to present their results and contribute to the solution of important archaeological and mineralogical problems. The session is expected to be of high interest not only for the international mineralogical community but also for researchers with chemistry and physics background, with experience in this scientific discipline, as well as for the archaeologists.

Session convenors

Professor Dr Corina Ionescu (Romania)
Babeș-Bolyai UniversityGraduated as geologist at the Babes-Bolyai University in Cluj-Napoca (Romania)
PhD in geology
Former head of the Mineralogy Chair at the same university.
Presently, retired university professor.
Former vice-president of European Mineralogical Union
Main research domains: ophiolites, ancient ceramics
Professor George Christidis (Greece)
Technical University of Crete
Professor Dr Gilberto Artioli (Italy)
University of Padova